The Ontario government’s presentation of the province’s finances, in its Pre-Election Report last month, is “not reasonable” because it understates Ontario’s deficit and expense estimates by billions of dollars over the next three years, Auditor General Bonnie Lysyk said in an April 25 report.
Lysyk found that the government understated expenses, thereby underestimating the true size of future annual deficits. Specifically, the deficit forecast should be higher by 75 per cent in 2018/19 ($11.7 billion instead of $6.7 billion), 85 per cent in 2019/20 ($12.2 billion instead of $6.6 billion), and 92 per cent in 2020/21 ($12.5 billion instead of $6.5 billion).
The expense understatements relate to two items:
- The government failed to properly reflect the true financial impact of its Fair Hydro Plan’s electricity rate reduction in its estimates.
- The government forecast pension revenues relating to the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan to reduce expenses, and understated future expenses for the Ontario Public Service Employees’ Union Pension Plan, even though the government does not have the unilateral right to use funds in these pension plans without first reaching a formal agreement with the plans’ other sponsors. In fact, the government continues to make contributions to the plans of approximately $2 billion annually.
“When expenses are understated, the perception is created that government has more money available than it actually does,” Lysyk wrote in her report. “Government decision-makers might, therefore, budget more money to be spent on initiatives and programs, when that money is actually needed to pay for expenses the government has failed to record properly. Therefore, more money will need to be borrowed to pay for the unrecorded expenses even when government reports an annual surplus or a balanced budget.
“A perception is also created of an improving trend in the relationship between the government’s financial obligations and its capacity to raise funds to meet them when the burden of net debt is actually increasing.”
Lysyk did find that, aside from the two items resulting in the significant understatement of expenses and deficits, “the government based its estimates of revenues, program expenses and interest on debt on cautious assumptions, as required by the Act.”
Lysyk notes that actual financial results will undoubtedly differ from the Pre-Election Report estimates due to the uncertainty surrounding future events, such as renegotiation of collective agreements in the government and the broader public sector, and the future costs of new initiatives where the program uptake is difficult to predict.
Visit www.auditor.on.ca to read the report.
The Office of the Auditor General is an independent office of the Legislative Assembly serving all Members of the Assembly and the citizens of Ontario. Under the Auditor General Act, the Office audits the Government’s accounting for and use of public money.